What is this about?
The aim of the directive is to modernise legislation to respond to the new uses of works, equalise copyright in the Digital Single Market, improve the position of copyright holders in the online environment and ensure a level playing field in the digital market in the EU. The directive also confirms the importance and functionality of the extended collective licence system in the secondary use market.
Timetable and the ministry responsible for the reform
On 15 April 2019, the EU adopted a new directive on copyright and related rights in the Digital Single Market, which must be incorporated into Finnish legislation in 2021 at the latest.
Amendments to the Finnish Copyright Act caused by the Directive on Copyright in the Digital Single Market are being prepared by the Ministry of Education and Culture. In addition to the Education and Culture Committee, the matter is likely to be discussed in the Legal Affairs Committee, the Constitutional Law Committee, the Transport and Communications Committee and the Commerce Committee.
According to current information, the government’s draft proposal will be presented in October 2021.
Kopiosto’s view on the national implementation of the directive
The best solution for cultural operators and the creative economy is if the majority of the directive is included in Finnish legislation verbatim. The directive contains many specific provisions that leave little room to manoeuvre in Finland. Most of the stipulations in the directive must, indeed, be implemented in Finland as they are.
Kopiosto believes that relying on the functional extended collective licence system is in the best interest of the copyright holders, users and society at large.
The directive identifies the Finnish system of using extended collective licences as a method of managing rights and licensing in so-called mass use situations, in particular. The extended collective licence allows for a license issued by an organisation representing authors and copyright holders – such as Kopiosto – to also cover copyright holders not represented by the organisation. External copyright holders can also receive remunerations from organisations. Kopiosto believes that relying on the functional extended collective licence system is in the best interest of the copyright holders, users and society at large.
We should always select an option to emphasise individual or collective agreement where possible when implementing the directive. Several articles include options that emphasise and enable agreements.
Blog: In addition to grants, culture needs functional structures
30 March 2021
The creative industry has suffered severely from the limitations caused by the coronavirus. We are now constantly hearing cries for help from those working in culture: the industry needs support – more and faster. In addition to short-term measures, it is also important to look further, to the structures supporting the industry.
Copyright makes it possible to earn a living and do business with creative work. Copyright, which protects the results of creative work, is one of the cornerstones of the creative economy. It is therefore essential that the creative industry is supported by well-functioning and up-to-date copyright legislation. Without it, creative professionals working in culture, information and entertainment would be at a significant disadvantage.
At its best, a reform of the Finnish Copyright Act could give the coronavirus-afflicted industry confidence in and hope for the future. The legislator can contribute to making it possible to continue making a living with creative work in Finland in the future.