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Kopiosto in brief

Kopiosto is an umbrella organisation for associations representing performing art­ists, authors and publishers. It has 45 member organisations from the fields of culture and communications. It is a non-profit association which was established in 1978.

Through its member organisations, Kopiosto has the power of attorney for over 50,000 Finnish copyright holders. In accordance with the reciprocal agreements made with sister organisations abroad, Kopiosto also represents foreign copyright holders in the creative industry.

Kopiosto grants licenses for a variety of issues and pays remunerations to the copyright holders of said works. The remunerations are paid as agreed with the member organisation, either directly to the copyright holder or the member organisation. They will, in turn, share them among their members as subsidies and awards. Some of the income is distributed through AVEK, the Promotion Centre for Audiovisual Culture in Finland, as various grants for the audiovisual field. AVEK is part of Kopiosto.

Kopiosto serves as a link between the creative fields and the users of works. Its mandate comes from the member organisations and the Finnish Ministry of Education and Culture. For a fixed time period, the Ministry of Education and Culture approves the organisation representing authors and creators to act as the organ­isation granting licences for use and collecting reimbursements.

Kopiosto authorisation

The authorisations provided by copyright owners – creators, performers and publishers – are the foundation of Kopiosto’s operations. Based on them, Kopiosto monitors the reuse of works and performances, grants the necessary copyright licences, distributes remunerations and develops new services.

Copyright owners provide personal authorisations to Kopiosto’s member organisations, which then transfer them further on to Kopiosto through joint agreements or authorisations.

Kopiosto facilitates the use of works

Kopiosto grants licences for the photocopying of printed material pro­tected by copyrights and for their electronic use, as well as for the various ways of using audiovisual works. The organisation also seeks new licensing solutions to meet the needs presented by modern communications.

Based on Kopiosto’s licence, organisa­tions in the private and public sectors can photocopy articles for their personnel, and in schools, teachers may copy and scan additional material from books and magazines for their pupils.

Furthermore, recording television programmes for educational use is pos­sible based on Kopiosto’s licence. Housing organisations and cable operators may, based on a licence acquired from Kopiosto, receive and transmit programmes from television channels.

Licences for photocopying and digital use

The Ministry of Education and Culture ne­gotiates most of the photocopying licences for educational institutions directly with Kopiosto. These licences cover all free-of-charge education and photocopies delivered to the pupils and students of comprehen­sive schools, gymnasiums, vocational insti­tutions and universities. If the education or photocopying incurs fees, the licences are agreed separately.

Kopiosto also provides educational institutions with licences for the digital use of material. Kopiosto’s Digital licence enables the scanning of publications, copy­ing them from open internet sites, remote education and sharing copies through school intranets. The Ministry of Education and Culture has acquired centralised Digital licences for some educational insti­tutions. Other educational institutions are required to apply for the permit directly from Kopiosto.

Companies, municipalities and govern­ment authorities acquire their licence from Kopiosto. The licence prices of Kopiosto are based on statistical research on the total amount of photocopying that is carried out regularly in the different fields.

Based on the shares defined in these studies, royalties are paid to Kopiosto’s member organisations representing the dif­ferent materials and works. They will share these reimbursements among their mem­bers: publishers as direct remunerations and author organisations as various grants and awards. For example, the Finlandia Prize is funded through the remunerations collected by Kopiosto.

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